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Hosting is a service that allows organizations and individuals to post their own content on the Internet. When it comes to hosting, we mean just internet hosting, and even more often - web hosting. There are many different options, levels and types of this service, as well as the provision of its services. In other words, if you have a website, web portal, or some materials that you want to place on the Internet, freely manage them at your request and give access to them to other people, you need to use a hosting service of one type or another.
Most often, hosting is provided as a service by a hosting provider. In this case, we are talking about the fact that the hosting provider places your sites or files on their servers and gives one or another type of access to them from the Internet. The most common type of access is a web page with your content and desired functionality. It can also be file storage, mail service, DNS service, etc.
The Main Types of Hosting
Hosting can be fully functional or limited in functionality. For example limited functionality hosting:
- File hosting service is a file storage service in which the provider allocates space for you to store information in the form of files, ensures their security, remote access and 24/7 uninterrupted operation.
- Mail hosting service is a service that ensures the operation of a private mail system that is devoid of advertising banners, has a certain protection against spam mailings, has one or more domain names of its own and works according to the most common mail transfer protocols (SMTP, IMAP, Pop3).
- DNS hosting service is a hosting service that provides a storage system for domain name records.
- Wiki hosting service is a hosting that provides servers with tools to create and manage your own independent wiki pages.
- Game hosting service - providing various types of servers for organizing multiplayer network games.
Full-featured hosting types include web hosting service - a service that allows individuals and organizations to create and host their own websites on the Internet.
Types of Web Hosting
Free hosting service. This type of hosting is provided by different hosting providers for free and has very limited functionality. In addition, in most cases, sites hosted on free servers contain advertisements and do not provide an adequate level of security. Most often, free hosting is used by hosting companies as an advertising gimmick for the client's further transition to paid hosting.
Virtual hosting service. Virtual hosting is based on the principle of storing multiple clients' websites on one provider's server, and a minimum set of options is also provided. Thus, you are allocated the amount of disk space provided by the provider, a limited amount of RAM and some kind of control panel for your site. Such site hosting is widely used for small web projects that do not require powerful resources to function. Such hosting is suitable for very small sites consisting of 1-20 web pages.
Virtual dedicated server service. The principle of operation of a virtual dedicated server is based on the fact that a hosting provider provides you with space on its physical server for a virtual server with a specific operating system that you use and administer. You can use the virtual server as you like, install the services, applications and other add-ons you need on it as long as the physical resource and the operating system allow. Virtual Dedicated Server is suitable for medium-sized sites of 20-1000 web pages.
Dedicated server service. This type of hosting involves the active use of an entire physical server. You have full control over the server, choose the operating system and other software for it yourself, administer it, the provider ensures the uninterrupted operation of the server, its physical safety, constant access to the Internet. A dedicated server is suitable for complex and large websites with over 1000 web pages.
Colocation web hosting service is a hosting where you are provided with space for your equipment, usually in the provider's data center. Equipment can consist of one or more servers, routers, hubs, etc. In fact, you rent a part of this datacenter, put your equipment there or rent it from a provider and administer it at the software and physical level. The provider ensures the physical safety of the equipment, access to it for technical work, uninterrupted operation of power supply and access to the Internet.
Cloud hosting service. This type of hosting is based on cluster use of resources and cloud computing (infrastructure as a service model). Clustered use of resources is based on the use of several provider computers at once to deploy a project. In other words, you are provided with all the necessary computing resources to solve your specific tasks, and the payment is carried out according to the actually consumed power.
There are also hybrid hosting models that mix the properties of the above types of hosting.
How to choose a hosting provider and type of hosting?
Hosting is considered good if, in day-to-day work, there is no difference between the use of the provider's resources and your own resources. In other words, hosting itself should not be "noticeable" during operation.
There are a number of factors that you should pay attention to when choosing a hosting provider:
Technical capabilities of the hosting provider. Having decided on your requests for technical resources, you need to evaluate the hosting provider's ability not only to provide them at the moment, but also to expand the range of resources as your requests increase.
Hosting tariff plan. The hosting provider must provide you with an acceptable hosting plan and the necessary additional agreements.
Technical support. The 24/7 technical support mode, as well as real constant and continuous communication with the operator, is an important point when working with a hosting provider.
Backing up site files. Hosting providers that provide backup and data recovery in the event of a disaster will ensure you the most reliable operation of your project.
The speed of work and the load of the channel. These parameters are most important when implementing large solutions and large web portals. Website loading speed is of great importance in the modern Internet space. It is unlikely that the client wants to wait 5-10 seconds for your web page to load.
Website uptime without interruptions. This parameter represents the percentage of time that the website hosted by the provider was continuously available. Despite the availability of services that measure this parameter, you can get its real value only by hosting your site with a provider or by using the recommendation of a client of this provider.
Which type of hosting suits you is an individual task and is usually solved by formulating your tasks to the hosting provider and receiving information from him about how he can solve them. But in order to more clearly understand the correspondence of the main types of hosting to your needs, let's draw an analogy between hosting and a swimming pool.
Imagine choosing a hosting provider is similar to choosing a swimming pool for your workout. By ordering free hosting, you get something like a city beach - a lot of people, advertising brochures, you will be offered to buy hot dogs and you can most likely injure your foot with glass on a poorly cleaned beach.
Virtual hosting provides you with a large and clean paid pool that you have to share with other people. This means that if you are lucky and there are few people, then you will be able to use the whole pool, if not, you will have to limit yourself to a part of it and try not to bump into anyone, swim at the speed that your neighbors allow.
A Virtual Dedicated Server gives you a dedicated lane in a nice clean pool that is yours alone and you don't share it with anyone. However, you are limited by pool rules, water quality, and still share a common water area with other people. If you are confident that the quality of the water and other factors are provided by the hosting provider at the highest level, then a dedicated lane is ideal for you. The best hosting of virtual servers for medium-scale projects, subject to guarantees of reliability and high quality of the services provided, is VPS / VDS hosting.
A Dedicated Server is like renting an entire pool. By taking over a pool, you get more freedom to use it, but also more responsibility for its maintenance and service.
Colokane hosting is tantamount to renting a sports complex, and cloud hosting is a partial lease of certain premises and equipment in different buildings of the sports complex, for example, the entire pool, a gym in a separate building, a sauna on Saturdays in the third building and 200 parking spaces for cars.
Based on our experience, the most favorable price / quality ratio relates to VPS / VDS hosting, in addition, it is not so difficult to manage this type of hosting, since many problems of ensuring high-quality work are solved by the hosting provider itself.
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